Selected Historic Publications by DTM and Geophysical Laboratory Scientists

Laboratory Geophysics

Adams, Leason H. “A Simplified Apparatus for High Hydrostatic Pressures.” The Review of Scientific Instruments 7, no. 4 (April 1936): 174-77.

Day, Arthur Louis, Robert Browning Sosman, and Eugene Thomas Allen. High Temperature Gas Thermometry. Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1911.

Gibson, R. E. “Solutions under High Pressure.” The Scientific Monthly 43, no. 2 (August 1936): 173-177.

Johnston, John and Leason H. Adams. “The Influence of Pressure on the Melting Points of Certain Metals.” The American Journal of Science 31 (June 1911): 501-517.

Roberts, Howard S. “A High Temperature Regulator for use with Alternating Current.” Journal of the Optical Society of America and Review of Scientific Instruments 6, no. 9 (November 1922): 965-977.

Wright, Fred Eugene. “A New Petrographic Microscope.” American Journal of Science 29 (May 1910): 407-414.

———. “An Electrical Goniometer Furnace for the Measurement of Crystal Angles and of Refractive Indices at High Temperatures.” Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 3, no. 14 (August 19, 1913): 396-401.

White, Walter P. “Potentiometers for Thermoelectric Leakage Control by Shielding,” In Temperature: its Measurement and Control in Science and Industry, Vol. 1, 279-283. New York: Reinhold Publishing Corporation, 1941.

White, Walter P. and Leason H. Adams. “A Furnace Temperature Regulator” Physical Review 14, no. 1 (July 1919): 44-48.


Bauer, L. A. Researches of the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism: Land Magnetic Observations 1905-1910. Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1912.

Fleming, J. A., ed. Physics of the Earth--VIII: Terrestrial Magnetism and Electricity.  New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1939.

Fleming, J. A. "Two New Types of Magnetometers made by the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism of the Carnegie Institution of Washington." Terrestrial Magnetism and Atmospheric Electricity 16, no. 1 (1911): 1-12.

Gough, D. I. "A Spinner Magnetometer." Journal of Geophysical Research 69, no. 12 (1964): 2455-2463.

Ionospheric Research

Berkner, L. V. “The Electrical State of the Earth’s Outer Atmosphere.” The Scientific Monthly 45, no. 2 (August 1937): 126-1471.

Breit, G. and M. A. Tuve. “A Test of the Existence of the Conducting Layer.” Physical Review 28 (September 1926): 554-575.

Tuve, M. A. and G. Breit. “Note on a Radio Method of Estimating the Height of the Conducting Layer.” Terrestrial Magnetism and Atmospheric Electricity 30 (March 1925): 15-16.

Atomic Physics

Squire, C. F., F. G. Brickwedde, E. Teller, and M. A. Tuve. “The Fifth Washington Conference on Theoretical Physics.” Science 89, no. 2304 (1939): 180-182.

Tuve, M. A. ”The Forces which Govern the Atomic Nucleus.” The Scientific Monthly 47, no. 4 (October 1938): 344-363.


Selected Bibliography of Secondary Materials

Brown, Louis. Centennial History of the Carnegie Institution of Washington: The Department of Terrestrial Magnetism. Vol. 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Geschwind, Carl-Henry. "Becoming Interested in Experiments: American Igneous Petrologists and the Geophysical Laboratory, 1905-1965." Earth Sciences History 4, no. 1 (1995): 47-61.

Good, Gregory A. "The Assembly of Geophysics: Scientific Disciplines as Frameworks of Consensus." Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31, no. 3 (2000): 259-292.

———, ed. The Earth, the Heavens and the Carnegie Institution of Washington. History of Geophysics Series Vol. 5. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union, 1994.

Gillmor, C. Stewart. “Wilhelm Altar, Edward Appleton, and the Magneto-Ionic Theory.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 126, no. 5 (October 1982): 395-440.

Hickman, Caroline Mesrobian. “Building for Science: Carnegie Institution of Washington's Geophysical Laboratory.” Washington History 13, no. 1 (2001): 32-51.

Multhauf, Robert and Gregory Good. A Brief History of Geomagnetism and A Catalog of the Collections of the National Museum of American History. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1987.

Sarton, George. “The History of Science in the Carnegie Institution.” Osiris 9 (1950): 624-638.

Servos, John W. "To Explore the Borderland: The Foundation of the Geophysical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution of Washington." Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences 14, no. 1 (1983): 147-185.

Trefil, James and Margaret Hindle Hazen. Good Seeing: A Century of Science at the Carnegie Institution of Washington 1902-2002. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press, 2002.

Yochelson, Ellis L. and Hatten S. Yoder Jr. "Founding the Geophysical Laboratory, 1901-1905: A Scientific Bonanza from Perception and Persistence." Geological Society of America Bulletin 106, no. 3 (March 1994): 338-350.

Yoder, Hatten S., Jr. Centennial History of the Carnegie Institution of Washington: The Geophysical Laboratory. Vol. 3. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

———. "Scientific Highlights of the Geophysical Laboratory: 1905-1989." Annual Report of the Director Geophysical Laboratory (1989): 143-198.